Osamu Tezuka, “father of Manga,” wanted to help Japanese overcome depression over World War II


In recent decades, manga comics have gained worldwide popularity and have achieved a dedicated and sometimes extended fan base. In fact, many western comics use elements of manga-style, and many contemporary cartoonists and animators use the Simhon inspiration from the vibrant and dynamic style of Japanese contemporary cartoons.

Its roots are centuries old. Although in the mid-1950s, modern manga comics gained popularity in Japan, but in the late 19th century the rules for the creation of manga comics were established. At the beginning of the 18th century, the word manga is related to comics in Japan, and stylish elements used by manga artists are present in Japanese art since the 12th century.

The modern style of manga comics was developed and popularized by Osamu Tezuka, nowadays called "Father of manga" and "Lord of manga". Tezuka was born in 1928 and started writing comics in elementary school.



In his early childhood, his father developed a passion with Disney with Disney Comics and Cartoon and Tezuka. He used to watch Disney cartoons several times in a day: he enjoyed the stories, but he pulled out the characters and studied in an animated way. His favorite Disney cartoon was Bambi, which was released in the summer of 1942. That same year, Tezuka has seen more than 80 times.



Osamu Tezuka, taken in 1951.

The passion with Disney had an incredibly positive effect on Tezuka's imagination and his style of drawing. He completed his education and became a medical doctor but he continued to refine his style and pursued his passion for comics. They combined the elements of traditional Japanese art with the distinctive style of Disney cartoons and made their own personal mix of manga comics. His first work was published in the late 1940s and immediately received a cult.



Neko. Osamu Tezuka Author xmoltarx CC BY 2.0

These works were named as Jungle Emperor Leo and Ambassador Atom. The inspiration for these tasks came from Tezuka rather than great reason. After the end of World War II, he was very unhappy with the massive depression in Japan. Many young people in the future have lost hope and some have committed suicide. Tezuka decided to create a series of manga comics that would not only entertain people but would inspire people to find happiness and peace in those things.



Osamu Tezuka’s work Author born194 CC BY-2.0

Disney Cartoon Tezuka was a great inspiration for the initial projects, but in the late half of the 1950s and early 1960s, he started criticizing him for being too unrealistic. In particular, he was very disappointed with the fact that all the Disney cartoons of that time ended at the end of a joke.



                                 Tezuka in 1952



They thought that the ideal setting of Disney cartoons could harm the audience by presenting stories that always end well for heroes and argue that cartoons and comics should also show the dark side of life because of someone's life Disney is not as worried as the life of the characters. In fact, he believed that to have a long-term impact on the audience, there should be a tragic component in all the comics and cartoons.



The Osamu Tezuka Manga Museum. Author Kekero – Own work CC BY-SA 3.0

In 1958, a Japanese animation studio called Toe Animation offered to replace Tezuka's manga "Son-Goku Monkey" in a cartoon. She agreed but requested studio animators to work on the project, and it marked the beginning of her career in animation. However, during the production of the cartoon, Tekaguda went out with the studio because they decided to change the tragic and bitter conclusion of the story to a happy one. The cartoon was released in the 1960s and despite the objections of Tezuka, a happy ending was over.


Tezuka's work soon became so popular that she could easily break down from mainstream cartoons and conventions organized by the comedy industry. He was the mastermind behind many highly influential manga comics and anime cartoons, who achieved international popularity and inspired new generations of manga artists. Apart from this, his background in medicine helped him to produce medicinal-themed manga with an accurate depiction of human anatomy.

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